Peter I (Peter Alexeyevich Romanov) (9 June 1672–8 February 1725) ruled Russia from 7 May 1682 until his death. With his self-given name: Peter the Great, he was at first a joint ruler with his weak and sickly half-brother, Ivan V, who died in 1696. Peter then ruled alone until 1724, whenceforth he ruled jointly with his wife, Catherine I. Peter carried out a policy of Westernization and expansion that transformed Russia into a major European power. Senate Chancellor Golovkin added “the Great, Father of His Country, Emperor of All the Russias” to Peter’s traditional title Tsar following a speech by the archbishop of Pskov in 1721. Peter the Great was a tall figure, with an extremely striking build of over 2 meters (6 feet 7 inches), and large, green eyes.