Elisavetha Petrovna (1741 – 1762)
Yelizaveta (Yelisavet) Petrovna (December 29, 1709 – January 5, 1762), also known as Elizabeth, was an Empress of Russia (1741 – 1762) who took the country into the War of Austrian succession (1740 – 1748) and the Seven Years’ War (1756-63). Her domestic policies allowed the nobles to gain dominance in local government while shortening their terms of service to the state. She encouraged Lomonosov’s establishment of the University of Moscow and Shuvalov’s foundation of the Academy of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg. She also spent exorbitant sums of money on the grandiose baroque projects of her favourite architect, Bartolomeo Rastrelli, particularly in Peterhof and Tsarskoye Selo.

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